How Does GAIA-X Work?
Federated services provide value if they are based on common standards which ensure transparency and interoperability. GAIA-X addresses this requirement by aligning network and interconnection providers, Cloud Solution Providers (CSP), High Performance Computing (HPC) as well as sector specific clouds and edge systems.
Here, mechanisms are developed to find, combine and connect services from participating providers in order to enable a user-friendly infrastructure ecosystem. GAIA-X identifies the minimum technical requirements and services necessary to operate the federated GAIA-X Ecosystem. The development of these services will follow the principles of Security by Design and also include the concept of Privacy by Design in order to ensure highest security requirements and privacy protection.
GAIA-X from the User Perspective
GAIA-X gives users access to a broad and highly useful range of specialised products and services from cloud providers, thus enabling the use of tailored solutions. In this context, GAIA-X offers full transparency through the self-description; provides certified data protection; and supplies regulatory criteria for the products and services offered.
Clear conditions for participation in GAIA-X and for collaboration, and common rules for cross-company authentication and access management will strengthen the underlying level of trust, bring down the obstacles to participation and reduce the amount of work involved in bilateral coordination between individual users.
Technical implementation of these Federation Services will focus on the following areas:
- the implementation of secure federated identity and trust mechanisms (security and privacy by design);
- sovereign data services which ensure the identity of source and receiver of data and which ensure the access and usage rights towards the data;
- easy access to the available providers, nodes and services. Data will be provided through federated catalogues;
- the integration of existing standards to ensure interoperability and portability across infrastructure, applications and data;
- the establishment of a compliance framework and Certification and Accreditation services; and
- the contribution of a modular compilation of open source software and standards to support providers in delivering a secure, federated and interoperable infrastructure.
The initial set of federation services will be expanded. The roadmap is aligned with the development of ecosystem participants’ requirements.
More information can be found from: https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/EN/Events/20200604-gaia-x-ministerial-talk-and-virtual-expert-forum.html
Guarantee of Data Sovereignty
A further important added benefit of GAIA-X is the guarantee of data sovereignty: Each user decides for herself where her data is stored, as well as who may process it and for what purpose, based on the user’s own data classification. In that sense, GAIA-X enables modular solutions. Users can also access AI applications and data pools via the trustworthy data infrastructure. Based on standardisation rules and the different options for managing and controlling the transfer of data, data can be exchanged between the companies, linked with other data, processed, evaluated, and monetised in value creation networks. The opportunities of data and service sharing can promote innovations, exploit synergies and enable new business models to be developed and scaled up.